This report reviews the strategies and metrics available to investors seeking to measure and improve the climate friendliness of their portfolios, defined as the intent to reduce GHG emissions and aid the transition to a low-carbon economy through investment activities.

The report distinguishes this objective  from carbon risk (Ch. 1). It then explores different approaches by asset class (Ch. 2) and ways investor can position themselves to achieve a climate impact, defined as GHG emissions reductions in the real economy (Ch. 3). Finally, the report assesses the landscape of available metrics and their suitability metrics for each strategy (Ch. 4).